Kohlhaase, Wolfgang

Biography:

Wolfgang Kohlhaase was born in Berlin on March 13, 1931. In 1947, he began his career as a writer for the youth magazines Start and Junge Welt. He joined the DEFA Studio for Feature Films as an assistant dramaturg in the early 1950s.

 

Kohlhaase, who has written scripts for over six decades, is one of Germany’s best-known and most successful scriptwriters. He is known for working closely with directors, in that his contribution does not end with the delivery of the script; instead, he remains involved throughout the production. His work includes some of the most important titles in German film history, made in collaboration with leading filmmakers, including: Gerhard Klein, Konrad Wolf, Frank Beyer, Heiner Carow, Andreas Dresen, Andreas Kleinert, Volker Schlöndorff and Matti Geschonneck.

 

Kohlhaase wrote his first script in 1953, for the children’s film Die Störenfriede (dir. Wolfgang Schleif). Only one year later, he collaborated with Gerhard Klein on Alarm im Zirkus, a story about young boys who plan a robbery in East Berlin. This film was the beginning of a long-term working relationship. Kohlhaase and Klein, both influenced by Italian neorealism, created a series of four films that became known as the Berlin Series. Eine Berliner Romanze and Berlin - Ecke Schönhauser depicted the lives of young people in a divided Berlin before the Wall. Although these films won praise, the last title in the series, Berlin um die Ecke, was banned in 1966 and first screened in 1987. The duo also worked on two other films together. In Sonntagsfahrer, they tell a story about eight people who want to go to West Berlin… but arrive in East Berlin only to find that the Wall has been built. Der Fall Gleiwitz dramatizes the historical event—the alleged attack by Polish forces on the German border town of Gleiwitz—which the Nazis manufactured as a motive for invading Poland in 1939, thereby starting WWII.

 

The acclaimed WWII film Ich war neunzehn marked the start of Kohlhaase’s collaboration with director Konrad Wolf. The pair returned to the theme of the antifascist struggle in Mama, ich lebe. They also made two movies about contemporary East German society: Der nackte Mann auf dem Sportplatz and Solo Sunny (which Kohlhaase co-directed). Kohlhaase and Wolf also co-wrote the script for the film adaptation of Russian writer Daniil Granin’s short story Die schöne Uta (The Beautiful Uta); the script about a confrontation between Germans and Russians shortly after WWII was never filmed.

 

Kohlhaase wrote the screenplay for Frank Beyer’s 1982 film Der Aufenthalt based on episodes in Hermann Kant’s autobiographical novel. The film adaptation was shown at many international film festivals, including in Venice and San Francisco, and was East Germany’s official submission for Best Foreign Film at the 1984 Academy Awards. Beyer later also directed Kohlhaase’s Der Bruch, based on an authentic 1946 crime case in Berlin.

 

Kohlhaase was able to continue his successful career after German unification. At the end of the 1990s, he collaborated with director Volker Schlöndorff for the first time. They co-wrote the script for the feature film Die Stille nach dem Schuss, inspired by actual events involving West German RAF terrorists who went underground in the GDR in the 1970s. In 2005, Kohlhaase teamed up with director Andreas Dresen on Sommer vorm Balkon, which won Best Screenplay at the San Sebastián International Film Festival. Together they made two further productions. The tragicomic Whisky mit Wodka is told through the eyes of an aging actor and reflects on personal and professional relationships. Als wir träumten, based on the acclaimed novel by Clemens Meyer and set in divided Germany, offers a dramatic depiction of Leipzig youth in the immediate aftermath of the fall of the Wall.

 

Kolhhaase’s latest work is the film adaptation of Eugen Ruge’s award-winning debut novel, In Zeiten des abnehmenden Lichts (2011). The expansive family saga, set against the backdrop of the collapse of East Germany, premiered at the 2017 Berlin International Film Festival. With this film, Kohlhaase returns again to a story set in his native Berlin.

 

Wolfgang Kohlhaase, who is known for his witty writing style and detailed description of situations, was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear for Lifetime Achievements at the 2010 Berlin International Film Festival.

Awards:

2011 German Film Award (LOLA) for Lifetime Achievement
2010 Honorary Golden Bear for Lifetime Achievements, Berlin International Film Festival
2010 Whisky and Vodka, nominated for Best Screenplay, German Film Awards
2007 Summer in Berlin, Best Screenplay, German Film Critics Association Award
2006 Summer in Berlin, Best Screenplay, German Film Awards
2005 Summer in Berlin, Best Screenplay, San Sebastián International Film Festival 
2000 The Legend of Rita, nominated for European Film Awards
1990 The Break-In, Ernst Lubitsch Award
1984 Best Scenario, GDR National Film Festival, Karl-Marx-Stadt, for Der Aufenthalt
1980 Solo Sunny, Best Script, Chicago International Film Festival
1980 Best Director (with Konrad Wolf), GDR National Feature Film Festival, Karl-Marx-Stadt, for Solo Sunny
1980 Solo Sunny, nominated for Golden Bear; FIPRESCI Prize; Berlin International Film Festival
1977 Art Prize of the Free German Trade Union Federation for Mama, ich lebe

Bibliography & More:

Um die Ecke in die Welt: Über Freunde und Filme. Berlin: Neues Leben, 2014.

 

Zeitzeugengespräch (2001, 252 min., color)

 

Silvester mit Balzac und andere Erzählungen. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag, 1977.

Filmography:

2017 In Zeiten des abnehmenden Lichts (In Times of Fading Light)
2015 Als wir träumten (As We Were Dreaming)
2011 I Phone You
2009 Haus und Kind (House and Child, TV)
2008 Whisky mit Wodka (Whisky and Vodka)
2005 Sommer vorm Balkon (Summer in Berlin)
2000 Baby (TV)
2000 Die Stille nach dem Schuss (The Legend of Rita)
1999 Victor Klemperer - Mein Leben ist so sündhaft lang (Victor Klemperer: My Life Is So Outrageously Long, TV, doc)
1997 Der Hauptmann von Köpenick (The Captain of Köpenick)
1992 Inge, April, Mai (Inge, April, May, TV)
1991 Begräbnis einer Gräfin (A Countess' Funeral, TV)
1988 Der Bruch (The Break)
1984 Die Grünstein-Variante (The Grünstein Variant, TV)
1983 Der Aufenthalt (Held for Questioning)
1979 Solo Sunny
1978 Zünd an, es kommt die Feuerwehr (Set a Fire, the Fire Brigade Is Coming, advisor)
1977 Ein Trompeter kommt (A Trumpeter Is Coming, TV)
1976 Mama, ich lebe (Mama, I'm Alive)
1973 Der nackte Mann auf dem Sportplatz (The Naked Man on the Sports Field)
1972 Leichensache Zernik (Murder Case Zernik)
1970 Fisch zu viert (Fish for Four, TV)
1967 Ich war neunzehn (I Was Nineteen)
1966/1990 Berlin um die Ecke (Berlin around the Corner)
1963 Sonntagsfahrer (Sunday Drivers)
1961 Der Fall Gleiwitz (The Gleiwitz Case)
1959 Der schweigende Stern (The Silent Star)
1957 Berlin – Ecke Schönhauser (Berlin - Schönhauser Corner)
1956 Eine Berliner Romanze (A Berlin Romance)
1954 Alarm im Zirkus (Alarm in the Circus)
1953 Die Störenfriede (The Troublemakers)

 

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